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Abductor Digiti Minimi Hand Muscle: Hand Finger Pain

What pain and symptoms are associated with the Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle of Hand?

Abductor Digit Minimi Hand Muscle

Pain from the abductor digiti minimi hand muscle is felt on the outside of the hand extending up into the little finger.

  • Pain is located on the outside of the back of the hand just below the little finger
  • Pain extends up into the lower half of the little finger

Where is the abductor digiti minimi of  the hand  located?

  • It connects to a bone in the wrist running up the outside of the hand to connect with the middle part of the little finger.

What movements do the abductor digiti minimi muscle of the hand control?

  • It moves the little finger out and away from the other three fingers

Activities that cause abductor digiti minimi hand muscle pain and symptoms:

  • Activities that require repetitively moving the little finger away from the fingers ie. typing and reaching for the outside keys such as shift and enter.
  • Playing musical instruments such as violin, cello, guitar and piano which require holding the little finger away from the other fingers

Interesting facts about the abductor digiti minimi muscles of the hand:

  • It is one of the three muscles that make up the hypothenar eminence, the pad located on the outside of the hand opposite of the thumb pad
  • Is sometimes used as a donor muscle to restore function in a thumb that has been injured and has lost the ability to move

Clinical diagnoses to which the abductor digiti minimi muscles symptoms may contribute:

  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Cubital tunnel syndrome
  • Peripheral neuropathy

Other muscles that should be considered and examined in conjunction with the abductor digiti minimi muscles:

For detailed anatomy information see: Abductor Digiti Minimi Anatomy


You use the abductor digiti minimi when you move the little finger away from the other fingers.

Help with Abductor Digiti Minimi Hand Muscle Pain

Cold Therapy Treatment For Pain In The Hand and Little Finger

Biofreeze is recommended for recent muscle injury Biofreeze Pain Relieving Gel is a cold therapy gel that provides pain relief for new injuries and is great as a maintenance treatment for overuse injuries.  Cold therapy should be used on new and recent injuries instead of heat as it cools the area much like ice and does not promote swelling. A recent study showed that Biofreeze decreased pain 2 times more than ice and the pain relief lasts 9 – 10 times longer. If you have recently injured the hand’s abductor digiti minimi muscle or have unexplained pain that has started on the outside of the hand extending into the little finger, use Biofreeze. Rub the gel into the outside and back of the hand into the little finger for pain relief.

Elasto-Gel Therapy Mitten for hot and cold therapy

 Wrist and Hand Cold /  Heat Wrap

The Elasto-Gel Therapy Mitten can be used for both cold and heat therapy. I like this mitt because it can be used to treat the entire wrist, thumb, hand and fingers. It is excellent for heat treatment. Some people feel the mitt does not get cold enough for cold treatment. However, I apply BioFreeze  5 minutes before applying the cold glove and it works great. I like using BioFreeze with cold therapy wraps because the area cools without that initial icy burn and I feel that the pain relief effect of cold therapy lasts longer. Mitt can be used on either hand.

Warm Therapy for Post Injury and Chronic Hand and Finger Pain

Sombra Warm Therapy Gel provides pain relief. Sombra Warm Therapy Pain Relieving Gel is a pain relieving gel that I use both personally and professionally in my massage therapy practice. It provides warmth without burning heat like other over the counter heating creams and gels.  It works well for post-injury pain and stiffness. It is great for chronic arthritis pain as it can be applied several times a day. Apply Sombra to the outside and back of the hand as well as the little finger to ease pain. NOTE: Do not use Sombra Warming Gel when using ice packs or heat packs as there is a risk of blistering the skin. For the most effective treatment, apply 5 to 10 minutes before putting on a brace or sleeve.

Compression Gloves For Support, Warmth and Pain Relief

Whether the pain in your hands is caused by a muscle injury or arthritis, compression has been shown to help with pain relief. The Imak Compression Arthritis Gloves are some of the best on the market.

imak-glovesThe gloves provide gentle compression which helps decrease both pain relief and inflammation. The seams of the gloves are sewn to the outside so you will not have irritation or discomfort. The fingers opening are reinforced so that they will not fray with wear or during washing. I like this particular brand because the gloves are easier to get on and off than most other compression gloves. Reasonably priced too!

To determine your size measure straight across the widest part of your palm. Extra small: up to 2 3/4 inches wide. Small: up to 3 1/8 inches across. Medium: up to 3 1/2 inches across. Large: up to 4 inches across. Extra large: up to 4 1/2 inches across.