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Abductor Hallucis Muscle Anatomy: Origin, Insertion, Action, Innervation

Abductor Hallucis Anatomy Study: Origin, Insertion, Action and Innervation

Abductor Hallucis Muscle Anatomy
Origin: Flexor retinaculum, the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity, the plantar aponeurosis, and the intermuscular septum between it and flexor digitorum brevis
Insertion: Medial side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the great toe, with some of its fibers attaching more proximally to the medial sesamoid bone
Action: Abduction of the great toe, flexion of the great toe
Innervation: Medial plantar nerve (S1, 2)
Blood Supply: Lateral plantar artery from the posterior tibial artery

Primary Action of the Abductor Hallucis:

1. Abduction of the great toe at the metatarsophalangeal joint

  • Agonists: None
  • Antagonists: Adductor Hallucis

Secondary Action of the abductor hallucis:

1. Assists with flexion of the great toe at the metatarsophalangeal joint

  • Agonists: Flexor Hallucis Brevis, Flexor Hallucis Longus, Adductor Hallucis
  • Antagonists: Extensor Hallucis Longus, Extensor Hallucis Brevis

For Pain and Symptom Information: Abductor Hallucis Muscle: Foot and Ankle Pain

Anatomy Books Specializing in the Feet
McMinn’s Color Atlas of Foot and Ankle Anatomy is a very good foot anatomy for students who need more than the very basics. The book filled with images including x-rays, images of the anatomy with cadavers, and live human models. I recommend this book not only to students but to medical professionals for the clear anatomical photos that are useful with patients. I also highly recommend this book for to massage therapists, personal and athletic trainers as it helps you develop the mind’s eye view of the soft tissues and bones that you will be treating. Also available in a Kindle Edition.

McMinn’s Color Atlas of Foot and Ankle Anatomy [Kindle Edition]


The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook – Claire Davies, Amber Davies, and David G. Simons

Basic Clinical Massage Therapy: Integrating Anatomy and Treatment – James H. Clay and David M. Pounds

Trigger Point Therapy for Myofascial Pain – Donna Finando and Steven Finando

Massage Therapy Principles and Practice – Susan Salvo

Theory & Practice of Therapeutic Massage – Mark Beck


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