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Adductor Hallucis Muscle Anatomy: Origin, Insertion, Action, Innervation

Adductor Hallucis Muscle Anatomy Study: Origin, Insertion, Action and Innervation

Adductor Hallucis Muscle Anatomy
Origin: Oblique head: base of the second to fourth metatarsals and from the fibrous sheath of the tendon of the peroneus longus.
Transverse head: plantar metatarsal ligaments and deep transverse ligaments.
Insertion: Lateral side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the great toe and the lateral sesamoid.
Action: Adduction of the great toe at the metatarsophalangeal joint, assists with flexion of the great toe at the metatarsophalangeal joint.
Innervation: Lateral plantar nerve (S2,3)
Blood Supply: Lateral plantar artery from the posterior tibial artery


Primary Action of the Adductor Hallucis:

1. Adduction of the great toe at the metatarsophalangeal jont

    • Agonists: None
    • Antagonists: Abductor hallucis

Secondary Action of the adductor hallucis :

2. Assists with flexion of the great toe at the metatarsophalangeal joint

    • Agonists: Flexor hallucis longus, Flexor hallucis brevis
    • Antagonists: Extensor hallucis longus, Extensor hallucis brevis

3.  Supports the medial longitudinal arch of the foot

For Pain and Symptom Information: Adductor Hallucis Muscle: Foot Pain

Anatomy Books
McMinn’s Color Atlas of Foot and Ankle Anatomy  is a very good foot anatomy for students who need more than the very basics. The book filled with images including x-rays, images of the anatomy with cadavers, and live human models. I recommend this book not only to students but to medical professionals for the clear anatomical photos that are useful with patients. I also highly recommend this book for to massage therapists, personal and athletic trainers as it helps you develop the mind’s eye view of the soft tissues and bones that you will be treating. Also available in a Kindle Edition.

McMinn’s Color Atlas of Foot and Ankle Anatomy [Kindle Edition]


The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook – Claire Davies, Amber Davies, and David G. Simons

Basic Clinical Massage Therapy: Integrating Anatomy and Treatment – James H. Clay and David M. Pounds

Trigger Point Therapy for Myofascial Pain – Donna Finando and Steven Finando

Massage Therapy Principles and Practice – Susan Salvo

Theory & Practice of Therapeutic Massage – Mark Beck


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