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Adductor Magnus Muscle: Groin, Pelvic and Thigh Pain

The adductor magnus muscle contributes to pain down the front and inside of the thigh.

Deep aching in the groin and pelvis areas that sometimes includes a sharp stabbing pain can be caused by the adductor magnus. Pain starting at the hip extending down the front of the thigh going toward the inside of the knee is also a sign of adductor dysfunction.

  • Groin pain during activity, pain lessens at rest
  • Pain in the front of the inner upper thigh
  • Pain and stiffness in the hip and knee that is often felt throughout the inner thigh
  • Deep and or sharp pelvic pain that can affect the vagina, rectum, prostate, and bladder

Where is the adductor magnus muscle?

It connects the pelvis (via the pubis bone and ischial tuberosity) to the back of the thigh bone (femur).

What movements does the adductor magnus control?

  • Moves leg in toward the body
  • Twists the leg in toward the body via the hip

Activities that cause adductor magnus muscle pain and symptoms:

  • Sitting with legs crossed for long periods of time
  • Climbing stairs
  • Horseback riding
  • Skiing
  • Slipping on ice
  • Moving legs too far apart horizontally or vertically

Interesting facts about the adductor magnus muscle:

  • The adductor magnus is the third largest muscle in the body
  • Trigger points in the adductor magnus can cause pain deep in the pelvic area. Pain may present as a dull ache or a sharp stabbing pain. Those suffering from adductor magnus symptoms often sleep with a pillow in between the knees to ease pain.
Adductor_Magnus diagram

You use the adductor magnus muscle to pull and twist the upper leg inward toward the other leg.

Clinical diagnoses to which the adductor magnus muscle symptoms may contribute:

  • Obturator or Genitofemoral nerve entrapment
  • Inguinal Hernia
  • Iliac or femoral thrombosis
  • Pubic stress fracture
  • Prolapsed Uterus
  • Endometriosis
  • Ovarian Cyst
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Constipation
  • Muscle Strain (groin pull)

Other muscles that should be considered and examined in conjunction with the extensor digitorum muscle:

Satellite Trigger Points: Adductor longus, Adductor brevis, Vastus medialis, Gracilis, Pectineus

Associated Organ Systems: Reproductive System

For anatomy information: Adductor Magnus Muscle Anatomy: Origin, Insertion, Action, Innervation

Help with Adductor Magnus Muscle Thigh and Groin Pain

Cold Therapy Gel For Groin Injury

Biofreeze Pain Relieving Gel is an excellent pain relieving gel and I recommend it for those who have sudden onset muscle pain or recent injuries.  It  is better than warm therapy gels and creams for recent injury muscle pain as it cools the area much like ice and does not promote swelling. A recent study showed that Biofreeze decreased pain 2 times more than ice and the pain relief lasts 9 – 10 longer. If  your pain is from a recent injury I would recommend Biofreeze. This is excellent to use on recently sprained and strained groin muscles. To treat the adductor magnus rub the gel from the top of the thigh down to the knee.

Biofreeze is recommended for recent adductor magnus muscle injury

Warm Therapy Gel For Groin Pain

Sombra Warm Therapy Pain Relieving Gel is a pain relieving gel that I use both personally and professionally  in my massage therapy practice. Unlike other over the counter heating creams, it provides warmth without burning heat allowing the muscle to relax. Applying Sombra to the muscles high on the front and inside of the thigh, up into the fold of the leg and toward the outside of the hip can help reduce pain and tightness caused by the adductor muscles.  I recommend Sombra for chronic pain and injuries over a week old. If you have pulled or strained the groin, I recommend Biofreeze above.

Sombra Warm Therapy Gel provides pain relief to strained adductor muscles.

Hot and Cold Multipurpose Wrap For Thigh and Groin Pain

The Hot Thermal and Ice Cold Compress Therapy Gel Pack Wrap is adjustable and is a great choice for a multipurpose pack to use on your thighs, knees, hip, and back. the wrap can be wrapped around the thigh for adductor magnus and other groin muscles treatment. The pack can be put in the freezer and used for cold therapy on recently injured muscles to reduce pain and swelling. The pack can also be put in the microwave for warm therapy for chronic pain and stiffness. Solid quality construction that will last for a long time. Made in the USA

Cold Hot Pack to treat pulled adductor muscles

Full Wrap Groin Support

The Bodyprox Groin Support can help provide compression and support to a pulled or strained adductor magnus and other groin muscles. Adjustable Velcro closure can be adjusted for a snug fit. The wrap is made to fit high up on the thigh and around the hip with an abdomen band that will hold the wrap in place. The brace is pliable neoprene which makes it comfortable to wear. The neoprene radiates your body heat back into the muscles providing relief to sore achy muscles.


Compression Leggings for Upper Leg Muscle Support

Compression wear is not just preventative wear for exercise. Compression wear can also aid in muscle injury support and reduce swelling during recovery time. If you are considering compression wear look for graduated compression. Graduated compression provides tight compression at the lower end of your limb and gradually decreases compressive force toward the top of the limb. This is important for circulation and inflammation reduction. To support the adductor magnus muscle it is important that you use leggings that go down past the knee so you treat the full length of the muscle. Compression leggings for men as well compression leggings for women come in all sizes, have a choice of colors and are available in various price points. The leggings can be worn alone or under pants.

Tools for Self Treatment of the Adductor Magnus Muscle

I recommend the The Tiger Tail 18" Roller to use on both upper and lower leg muscles to help relieve tension and pain. I like the Tiger Tail for its ease of use and because it does not strain the wrists and hands. You do not have to contort into different positions or get on the floor or up against the wall to use this foam roller, simply roll it up or down the muscle. The 18" is a good size to use on leg muscles as well as other muscles. This roller is also recommended by physical therapists, athletic trainers and doctors for self-treatment of muscles in between appointments. To use the Tiger Tail on the adductor magnus and other groin muscles start at the top of the inside of the thigh, and roll down the thigh down past the knee. (Start off gently, this area can be very tender). Start with light strokes for a minute or two and build more pressure and more time. Do not overdo as you can irritate the muscles!

Tiger Tail Roller to treat groin muscles

Self Treatment Massage Technique For Adductor Groin Injuries

Do you know that small knots and other dysfunction in the adductor magnus muscle can contribute to deep aching pelvic pain?

Groin, pelvic and hip pain can be debilitating. If you have unresolved pain I recommend that you purchase Claire Davies The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook: Your Self-Treatment Guide for Pain Relief.. Mr. Davies explains the trigger point phenomenon and muscle pain in everyday language. But what makes this book worth its weight in gold are the individual muscle trigger point treatments that Davies has compiled. His diagrams and step by step instructions help you locate which muscles are contributing to your pain, how to find the trigger point and treat it. It takes time and practice to master finding trigger points, but once you learn you have a tool and method to help relieve muscle pain throughout the body. If you have deep aching in the groin and pelvis pain you may want to learn about the trigger points in the adductors muscles as well as other thigh and hip muscles to help you resolve your pain. This book is a must-have for anyone interested in finding the cause and treating muscle pain.

The Trigger Point Workbook can help you resolve muscle pain throughout your body.