+Donna Martin
Dec 282012

What symptoms and pain are associated with the biceps brachii muscles?

Pain Patterns contributed to the biceps brachii muscle

Pain in the shoulder, crease of the elbow and weakness in the arm are signs of bicep brachii dysfunction.

  • Pain in the front of the shoulder
  • Pain in the crease of the elbow
  • Weakness in the arm
  • Difficulty straightening arm with palm facing down
  • Pain in the top of the back of the shoulder

Where are the biceps brachii muscles?

The biceps brachii is a two headed muscle witch connects the shoulder blade and the upper arm to the elbow. The muscle is found in the front of the upper arm.

What movements do the biceps brachii muscles control?

  • Bends the arm at the elbow
  • Rotates the arm so the palm is facing up
  • Assists in raising the arm

Activities that cause biceps brachii pain and symptoms:

  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Chin ups, Pull ups
  • Playing the violin

Interesting facts about the biceps brachii muscles:

The Biceps Muscle

You use the biceps brachii muscle when you lift something, rotate your arm, bend your elbow and raise your arm.

  • The most important function of the biceps brachii is it allows us to carry objects and not pull the shoulder joint apart.
  • Violinists and cellists often have problems and pain in the biceps.

Clinical diagnoses to which this muscle symptoms may contribute:

  • Bicipital tendinitis
  • Subdeltoid bursitis
  • Sprain/Strain injury or muscle tear

Other muscles that should be considered and examined in conjunction with the biceps brachii muscles:

Help with Bicep Brachii Muscle Pain

Warm Therapy Gel For Shoulder, Upper Arm and Elbow Pain
Sombra Warm Therapy Gel provides pain relief.
Sombra Warm Therapy Pain Relieving Gel is a warming gel that I use everyday not only on myself but also on clients. It provides warmth without burning and is better at relieving pain than other over the counter pain creams. For arthritic or chronic shoulder, arm and elbow pain Sombra can be applied several times a day. Note: It has been reported the roll on applicator does not work well.

Cold Therapy Gel For Shoulder, Upper Arm and Elbow Injury Pain
Biofreeze is recommended for recent muscle injury
Biofreeze Pain Relieving Gel  is a cold therapy gel that provides pain relieve for recent injuries and is great as a maintenance treatment for over use and repetitive use injuries. Cold therapy is better than warm therapy gels and creams for recent injury muscle pain as it cools the area much like ice and does not promote swelling. A recent study showed that Biofreeze decreased pain 2 times more than ice and the pain relief lasts 9 – 10 longer. Many arthritis suffers like to use Biofreeze on swollen painful joints.


Ice Wrap For Shoulder Upper Arm Pain and Injury
Shoulder and Elbow Ice Wrap For Tricep Injury
Pro-Ice Shoulder and Elbow Cold Therapy Wrap is great for shoulder, upper arm and elbow injuries. The wrap not only provides cold therapy for the shoulder but it also extends down the arm providing relieve for biceps upper arm and elbow pain. This should be in the freezer of every ball player for quick treatment of over use injuries and preventative maintenance.


Elbow Braces and Supports

If you have tried other elbow braces and have not found relieve from pain or mobility issues I recommend that you try the Professional’s Choice Full Elbow Support. It is a heavy duty adjustable brace that provides support and warmth without restricting movement. There are cut outs in the bend of the elbow and thinner support at the point of the elbow to allow comfortable movement.  I have two friends that regularly wear this support to play golf and they report it does not interfere with their swing.  I have used this brace many times and it provided support and pain relief without binding. The neoprene material also radiates your body heat back into the muscles to provide soothing warmth which also helps with freer movement. Highly recommended for those suffering with tennis or golfer’s elbow. Purchase Information for Professional’s Choice Full Elbow Support



McDavid Elbow Sleeve Support is a lighter compression sleeve that will provide support and compression for people who do not want or need a heavier brace. The brace is breathable and does not retain heat.  The McDavid is not neoprene so it works for those with neoprene allergies.


Self Massage Treatment For Bicep Brachii Shoulder, Elbow Pain

The Trigger Point Workbook can help you resolve muscle pain throughout your body.
Do you know that small knots in the biceps brachii muscle can contribute to pain from the shoulder to the elbow? They can also make it difficult to fully straighten your arm. 

If this pain pattern sounds familiar  I  recommend that you purchase Claire Davies  The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook: Your Self-Treatment Guide for Pain Relief. Mr. Davies explains the trigger point phenomenon and muscle pain in everyday language.  But what makes this book worth its weight in gold are the individual muscle trigger point treatments that Davies has compiled. His diagrams and step by step instructions help you locate which muscles are contributing to your pain,  how to find the trigger point and treat it. He also provides stretching and strengthening exercises for each muscle.  It takes time and practice to master finding trigger points, but once you learn you have a tool and method to help relieve muscle pain throughout the body.  If you have unresolved shoulder, arm and elbow pain  it maybe trigger points in the biceps brachii muscles. Deactivating trigger points can reduce or eliminate this pain. This book is a must have for anyone interested in finding the cause and treating muscle pain.

Anatomy Study: Origin, Insertion, Action, Blood Supply and Innervation of the Bicep Brachii Muscle

Origin: Long head: supraglenoid tubercle and the superior portion of the glenoid labrum.
Short head: lateral aspect of the apex of the coracoid process of the scapula.
Insertion: Radial tuberosity and the bicipital aponeurosis.
Action: Flexion of the arm at the shoulder
Blood Supply: Muscular branches of the brachial artery
Innervation: Musculocutaneous nerve (C5,6)

Primary Actions:

1. Flexion of the forearm at the elbow

  • Agonists: Brachialis, Brachioradialis
  • Antagonists: Triceps Brachii, Anconeus

Secondary Actions

1. Assists with flexion of the arm at the shoulder

  • Agonists: Deltoid (anterior part), Coracobrachialis, Pectoralis Major (clavicular head)
  • Antagonists: Deltoid (posterior part), Triceps Brachii (long head), Latissimus Dorsi, Pectoralis Major (sternal head), Teres Major

2. Assists with supination of the forearm

  • Agonists: Supinator
  • Antagonists: Pronator Teres, Pronator Quadratus

Satellite Trigger Points: Brachialis, Supinator, Triceps Brachii, Deltoid (anterior), Supraspinatus, Trapezius (upper), Coracobrachialis

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