+Donna Martin
Nov 062012

What symptoms and pain are associated with the brachialis muscle?

Pain Pattern for the Brachialis Muscle

The brachialis muscle can contribute to pain in the shoulder, arm, elbow, hand and thumb.

  • Pain at the base of the thumb
  • Pain on the outside of the upper arm near the elbow
  • Numbness or tingling in the back of the forearm and thumb
  • Difficulty  bending the elbow

Where is the brachialis muscle?

The brachialis is found in the front of the upper arm. It attaches approximately half way down the upper arm bone and crosses the elbow and connects to the inside lower arm bone.

What movements does the brachialis muscle control?

  • Bending the elbow

Activities that cause brachialis pain and symptoms:

  • Lifting heavy objects with a bent elbow
  • Picking up children
  • Holding up heavy tools
  • Working at the computer
  • Chin ups
  • Playing the oboe, clarinet and saxophone

Interesting facts about the brachialis muscles:

The brachialis muscle is found in the middle of the arm crossing the elbow.

You use the brachialis muscle every time you bend your elbow.

The brachialis is known as the workhorse of the elbow.

Clinical diagnoses to which this muscle symptoms may contribute:

  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Bicipital tendinitis
  • Supraspinatus tendinitis
  • Subdeltoid bursitis
  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Sprain/Strain injury

Other muscles that should be considered and examined in conjunction with the brachialis muscles:

Help with Brachialis Arm Muscle Pain

Sombra Warm Therapy Gel provides pain relief.
Warm Therapy Gel For Chronic Pain and Arthritis Pain In The Elbow

Sombra Warm Therapy Pain Relieving Gel is a pain relieving gel that I use both personally and in my massage therapy practice. It provides warmth without burning heat and is great for relieving pain. Applying Sombra to the upper arm down past the elbow can help reduce tension and pain caused by the brachialis muscle. I recommend using Sombra for old injuries and chronic pain, not for recent injury or sudden onset pain.

Cold Therapy Gel For Recent Injury and Inflammation of the Elbow
Biofreeze is recommended for recent muscle injury
Biofreeze Pain Relieving Gelis an excellent pain relieving gel and I recommend it for those who have sudden onset muscle pain or recent injuries.  It is better to use than warm therapy gels and creams for muscle pain caused by inflammation as it cools the area much like ice. Biofreeze  is recommended for those who have had a recent injury or sudden onset elbow pain. Highly recommended for early treatment of  tennis or golfer’s elbow.



Cold Hot Wraps For Elbow Injury and  Pain

Elasto-Gel Hot Cold Wrist and Elbow Wrap wraps comfortably around the elbow and can be used for heat or cold therapy. The wrap can also be used on the wrist. Should be kept on hand for athletes to use after practice and competitions for immediate cold treatment. Works very well for arthritis sufferers to provide heat therapy for pain and joint stiffness.

Elbow Braces and Supports

If you have tried other elbow braces and have not found relieve from pain or mobility issues I recommend that you try the Professional’s Choice Full Elbow Support. It is an adjustable brace that provides support and warmth without restricting movement. There are cut outs in the bend of the elbow and thinner support at the point of the elbow to allow comfortable movement.  I have two friends that regularly wear this support to play golf and they report it does not interfere with their swing.  I have used this brace many times and it provided support and pain relief without binding. The neoprene material also radiates your body heat back into the muscles to provide soothing warmth which also helps with freer movement. Highly recommended for those suffering with tennis or golfer’s elbow.

McDavid Elastic Elbow Support is a lighter compression sleeve that will provide support and compression for people who do not want or need a heavier brace. The brace is breathable and does not retain heat.  The McDavid Elbow Support is not neoprene so it works for those with neoprene allergies.

Trigger Point Self  Treatment for Elbow Pain

Do you know that muscle knots in the brachialis muscle can cause pain in the upper arm, all around the elbow, and go down the forearm into the hand?
The Trigger Point Workbook can help you resolve muscle pain throughout your body.
When anyone is suffering with unresolved muscle pain I always recommend that they purchase Claire Davies  The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook: Your Self-Treatment Guide for Pain Relief Mr. Davies explain the trigger point phenomenon and muscle pain in everyday language.  But what makes this book worth its weight in gold are the individual muscle trigger point treatments that Davies has compiled. His diagrams and step by step instructions help you locate which muscles are contributing to your pain,  how to find the trigger point and treat it. He also provides stretching and strengthening exercises for each muscle. It takes time and practice to master finding trigger points, but once you learn you have a tool and method to help relieve muscle pain throughout the body.  If you suffer with unresolved pain in the arm, elbow and thumb areas I highly recommend this book. Relieving trigger points in various arm and neck muscles have helped many people resolve shoulder, arm, elbow and hand pain issues. This book is a must have for anyone interested in finding the cause and treating muscle pain.

Anatomy Study: Origin, Insertion, Action and Innervation of the Brachialis Muscle

Origin: Lower half of the anterior aspect of the humerus
Insertion: Tuberosity and coronoid process of the ulna
Action: Flexion of the forearm at the elbow
Blood Supply: Muscular branches from the brachial artery and the radial recurrent artery from the radial artery.
Innervation:Musculocutaneous nerve (C5,6)

Primary Actions:

1. Flexion of the forearm at the elbow

  • Agonists: Biceps Brachii, Brachioradialis
  • Antagonists: Triceps Brachii, Anconeus

Satellite Trigger Points: Brachioradialis, Biceps Brachii, Deltoid, Supinator, Adductor Pollicis

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