Flexor Digitorum Brevis Muscle Anatomy Study
Origin: Medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity, the central part of the plantar aponeurosis, and the intramuscular septa between it and adjacent muscles.
Insertion: By four tendons, each attaching to the medial and lateral borders and plantar surface of the middle phalanx of each of the four lateral toes.
Action: Flexion of the four lateral toes
Innervation: Medial plantar nerve (S1,2)
Blood Supply: Medial plantar artery from the posterior tibial artery.
Primary Actions of the flexor digitorum brevis:
- Flexion of the four lateral toes at the proximal interphalangeal joints.
- Agonists: Flexor digitorum longus
- Antagonists: extensor digitorum longus and extensor digitorum brevis
- Flexion of the four lateral toes at the metatarsophalangeal joints.
- Agonists: Flexor digitorum longus, flexor digit minimi
- Antagonist: Extensor digitorum longus, Extensor digitorum brevis
For more information see: Flexor Digitorum Brevis Muscle Pain: Ball of the Foot
The Trail Guide To The Body is another excellent book to help you learn the musculature of the human body. Though the book is geared toward massage therapists and physical therapist assistants, the book with its illustrations and text helps anyone gain a thorough understanding of the human musculoskeletal system and movement. I highly recommend this book for anyone studying anatomy and believe that MTs, PTAs, and teachers of body movements should have this book in their possession. I also highly recommend this book for the lay person who wants to gain understanding of the muscle, skeletal system and how our bodies move. This book will not disappoint!
McMinn’s Color Atlas of Foot and Ankle Anatomy is a very good foot anatomy for students who need more than the very basics. The book filled with images including x-rays, images of the anatomy with cadavers, and live human models. I recommend this book not only to students but to medical professionals for the clear anatomical photos that are useful with patients. I also highly recommend this book for to massage therapists, personal and athletic trainers as it helps you develop the mind’s eye view of the soft tissues and bones that you will be treating. Also available in a Kindle Edition.
The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook – Claire Davies, Amber Davies, and David G. Simons
Basic Clinical Massage Therapy: Integrating Anatomy and Treatment – James H. Clay and David M. Pounds
Trigger Point Therapy for Myofascial Pain – Donna Finando and Steven Finando
Massage Therapy Principles and Practice – Susan Salvo
Theory & Practice of Therapeutic Massage – Mark Beck