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Gluteus Minimus Anatomy: Origin, Insertion, Action, Innervation

Gluteus Minimus Anatomy Study

Gluteus Minimus Anatomy
Origin: Outer surface of the ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines, and the edge of the greater sciatic notch.
Insertion: Anterior surface of the greater trochanter of the femur.
Action: Abduction of the thigh,  internal rotation of thigh.
Innervation: Superior gluteal nerve L4, 5, S1)
Blood Supply: Superior gluteal artery from the internal iliac artery


  • Prime Movers: Iliopsoas, Pectineus, Tensor fasciae latae, Adductor brevis, Sartorius.
  • Accessory Movers: Adductor longus and magnus (anterior part), Gracilis.

Antagonist: Gluteus maximus, Adductor magnus (posterior part).


Primary Actions of the Gluteus Minimus:

1. Abduction of the thigh at the hip

  • Agonists: Gluteus maximus (posterior fibers), Gluteus medius
  • Antagonists: Adductor longus, Adductor brevis, Adductor magnus (anterior part)

2. Internal rotation of the thigh at the hip

  • Agonists: Tensor fasciae latae, Gluteus medius (anterior fibers)
  • Antagonists: Obturator internus, Obturator externus, Gemellus superior, Gemellus inferior, Quadratus femoris

For pain and symptoms information see: Gluteus Minimus Pain

Anatomy Study Aids

Musculoskeletal Flashcards

Musculoskeletal Anatomy Flashcards Musculoskeletal Flashcards Are you a student or professional therapist who needs to brush up on the musculoskeletal system? Dr. Joseph E. Muscolino DC has developed a comprehensive set of flashcards that will help develop a mind’s picture of exactly where the muscles lie under the skin. A highly recommended study aid for students. Great for non students who want an easy comprehensive anatomy guide.



Anatomy Coloring Book

coloring_bookThe Anatomy Coloring Book is one of the best study and reference books for beginning anatomy students. The diagrams are clearly labeled and allow you to see the relationship and placement of the various structures of the body. You will also be surprised how the act of coloring will help with recall. But this is not just a beginners book, it is also great for practitioners and therapists to have on hand to use with clients and patients to use as a visual reference.
Basic Clinical Massage Therapy

basic_clinical_massaOut of the scores of books in my office Basic Clinical Massage Therapy is by far the most referenced book in my library. The musculoskeletal system is overlaid on human models allowing you to learn the precise location, origin and insertions of each muscle. The models are pictured in various poses throughout the book which also helps you visualize muscles in motion and their actions relationship with the skeletal structure and other muscles. Though it is written for massage therapists, it is an excellent book for anyone who wants to learn about the muscular system. MT’s will benefit from recommended treatments for each muscle.


The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook – Claire Davies, Amber Davies, and David G. Simons

Basic Clinical Massage Therapy: Integrating Anatomy and Treatment – James H. Clay and David M. Pounds

Trigger Point Therapy for Myofascial Pain – Donna Finando and Steven Finando

Massage Therapy Principles and Practice – Susan Salvo

Theory & Practice of Therapeutic Massage – Mark Beck


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