Gluteus Minimus Muscle: Buttocks, Hip, Thigh, Knee, Calf, Ankle Pain

What pain and symptoms are associated with the gluteus minimus?

Gluteus minimus muscle pain pattern

Pain and or numbness in the buttocks, hip, back of the thigh going down into the calf and ankle indicate gluteus minimus dysfunction.

  • Pain in buttocks
  • Pain in the outside of the hip
  • Pain in the back and outside of the thigh
  • Pain in the back of the calf down to the ankle
  • Numbness in buttocks, hip and thigh traveling down to ankle
  • Pain while walking
  • Difficulty rising from a sitting position
  • Difficulty crossing your legs
  • Pain while laying on affected side

Where is the gluteus minimus muscle?

The gluteus minimus is located in the hip. It attaches the hip bone to the upper leg. It lies under both the gluteus medius and gluteus maximus.

What movements does the gluteus minimus control?

  • Moves the thigh sideways away from the body
  • Twists the thigh in toward the body

Activities that cause gluteus minimus pain and symptoms:

  • Sitting for long periods of time with legs crossed
  • Sitting on a wallet in the back pocket
  • Walking and carrying an heavy item
  • Carrying a child on the hip
  • Limping for extended periods of time
  • Standing with weight unequally distributed on legs

Interesting facts about the gluteus minimus:

  • Three combined symptoms that point to gluteus minimus problem:

1. Difficulty crossing the legs

2. Limping because of hip pain

3. Pain is excruciating and constant

  • Trigger points in the gluteus medius are often misdiagnosed as sciatica
The gluteus minimus muscle is found in the hip.

You use the gluteus minimus muscle when you move the thigh sideways away from the body and when you twist the thigh in toward the body.

Clinical diagnoses to which the gluteus minimus muscle symptoms may contribute:

  • Sciatica
  • Trochanteric bursitis
  • Intervertebral stenosis
  • Hip dislocation
  • Hip Pointer
  • Piriformis syndrome
  • Tensor fasciae latae syndrome
  • Sacroiliac joint displacement
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Cauda equina syndrome

Other muscles that should be considered and examined in conjunction with the gluteus minimus:

Satellite Trigger Points: Quadratus lumborum, Gluteus medius, Gluteus Maximus, Piriformis, Vastus Lateralis

Affected Organ Systems: Urinary and Reproductive System

For Detailed Anatomy Information see: Gluteus Minimus Anatomy

Help with Gluteus Minimus Muscle Pain

Warm Therapy Gel For Gluteus Minimus Low Back, Hip and Buttock Pain

Sombra Warm Therapy Gel provides pain relief.
Sombra Warm Therapy Gel is a pain relieving gel that I use both personally and professionally in my massage therapy practice. Unlike other over the counter heating creams, it provides warmth without burning heat.  Applying Sombra to the muscles across the lower back and down into the hips, buttocks and back of the thighs can help reduce pain and tightness caused by the gluteus mimimus  muscle. I recommend Sombra for chronic pain and pain from arthritis.

Cold Therapy Gel For Gluteus Minimus Muscle Injury and Pain

Biofreeze is recommended for recent muscle injury
Biofreeze Pain Relieving Gel is an excellent pain relieving gel and I recommend it for those who have sudden onset muscle pain or recent injuries.  It is better than warm therapy gels and creams for recent injury muscle pain as it cools the area much like ice and does not promote swelling.A recent study showed that Biofreeze decreased pain 2 times more than ice and the pain relief lasts 9 – 10 longer. If  your pain is from a recent injury to the glute minimus muscles I would recommend applying Biofreeze across the low back, hip, entire buttock area and down the side and back of the leg.


Support for Hip, Buttock, and Low Back Pain Related To The Gluteus Muscles

The Cramer E6 Groin Hip Spica is a full hip wrap and provides support for hip, buttock, groin and thigh pain and injuries. The wrap is made to fit high up on the thigh and wraps around the hip with a abdomen band that will hold the wrap in place. The brace is pliable neoprene which provides warmth and making it comfortable to wear. Recommended by Physical Therapists and athletic trainers for high thigh and groin injuries. Consider this brace if your pain is in the buttocks, hip, groin and upper thigh area.

Trigger Point Self  Treatment For Hip, Buttock, and Leg Pain Due To Gluteus Minimus Muscle

Do you know that muscle ‘knots’ in the gluteus minimus muscles can cause pain throughout the hips, buttocks, legs and low back?
The Trigger Point Workbook can help you resolve muscle pain throughout your body.
If you are interested in treating back pain caused by trigger points I  recommend you purchase Claire Davies  The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook: Your Self-Treatment Guide for Pain Relief.  Mr. Davies explains the trigger point phenomenon and muscle pain in everyday language.  But what makes this book worth its weight in gold are the individual muscle trigger point treatments that Davies has compiled. His diagrams and step by step instructions help you locate which muscles are contributing to your pain,  how to find the trigger point and treat it. He also provides stretching and strengthening exercises for each muscle. If you suffer from unresolved back, hip, buttock and leg pain I highly recommend this book. It takes time and practice to master finding trigger points, but once you learn you have a tool and method to help relieve muscle pain throughout the body. Relieving trigger points in the glute muscles have helped many people reduce or even resolve their low back, buttock, and hip pain issues. This book is a must-have for anyone interested in finding the cause and treating muscle pain.


The Theracane Massager is a self treatment massage tool for use on those hard to reach areas on the neck, shoulders, back, hips and legs. If you are considering buying the book The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook, you will need to buy the Theracane to use the treatment methods detailed in the book.





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