The splenius cervicis muscle is located in the back of the neck. It contributes to throbbing pain at the back of the head that extends to the back of the eye. It can also contribute to blurred vision.
The levator scapulae connect the shoulder blade to the vertebra of the neck. The muscle contributes to pain in the shoulder, neck, and the base of the skull. The muscle causes a stiff neck. It can contribute to headaches at the base of the skull and up into the back of the head.
Scalene muscles are a prime contributor to thoracic outlet syndrome as well as neck, shoulder, chest, upper back and arm pain. Muscle twitching, jerking and restlessness similar to restless leg syndrome felt in the neck and shoulder is a classic sign of scalene dysfunction
The trapezius muscle is located in the upper back. It can contribute to headaches and pain in the eye, jaw, neck, top of the shoulder and upper back. It can also contribute to tingling in the arm.
A band of pain encircling the top of the head, pain in the temple area going into the eye, and pain in the back of the head is symptoms of trigger points in the semispinalis capitis muscle.
The sternocleiodmastoid are the two big muscles located on each side of the front of the neck. These are the most affected muscles when whiplash of the head / neck occurs. The muscles can contribute to pain throughout the head and neck area and can contribute to symptoms of vertigo.
Pain in and around the ear that sometimes extends up toward the eye is a classic sign of longissimus capitis dysfunction