The buccinator muscle is located in the cheek. It can contribute to pain in the cheek, upper teeth and mouth. The pain in the upper teeth often feels like an abscessed tooth. It can also cause pain while chewing and difficulty swallowing.
The splenius cervicis muscle is located in the back of the neck. It contributes to throbbing pain at the back of the head that extends to the back of the eye. It can also contribute to blurred vision.
The splenius capitis muscle can contribute to pain at the top of the head and occasionally cause blurred vision. The muscle is affected by whiplash injuries.
The temporalis muscle is located on the side of the head. It is a prime contributor to temporal mandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. The muscle contributes to pain in the head, around the eye, jaw and upper teeth.
The suboccipital muscles contribute to headaches, migraines and stiff upper neck. They can also contribute to eye strain and pain. The muscles are also often the cause of ‘ghost headaches’.
The orbicularis oculi muscle is the muscle that encircles the eye. The muscle contributes to pain above the eye that travels down the side of the nose. It can also contribute to twitching of the eye and a drooping eyelid.
Scalene muscles are a prime contributor to thoracic outlet syndrome as well as neck, shoulder, chest, upper back and arm pain. Muscle twitching, jerking and restlessness similar to restless leg syndrome felt in the neck and shoulder is a classic sign of scalene dysfunction
The frontalis muscle is a muscle in your forehead. It can cause a deep ache across the forehead. The frontalis can be affected by sinusitis and TMJ dysfunction.
The occipitalis muscle can contribute to headaches at the top of the head and the back of the head just above the neck. It can also play a role in pain behind the eye and occasionally contribute to pain in the upper teeth.
The masseter muscle is one of the muscles that you use to chew your food. Dysfunction in this muscle can contribute to pain around the eye, in the jaw, in the cheek area and the ear. It can be associated with ringing in the ear (tinnitus) and TMJ.
The sternocleidomastoid are the two big muscles located on each side of the front of the neck. These are the most affected muscles when whiplash of the head / neck occurs. The muscles can contribute to pain throughout the head and neck area and can contribute to symptoms of vertigo.