The flexor pollicis longus muscle is located in the forearm, same side as the thumb. It contributes to pain in middle joint and tip of the thumb. Pinching motions between the forefinger and thumb can cause intense pain. It can also cause the middle thumb joint to pop and sometimes lock.

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The pronator teres muscle is located in the front of the forearm. It can contribute to pain in the wrist near the thumb. Pain is often felt in the thumb pad and can extend up into the forearm. Cupping the hand can become almost impossible because of intense pain in the wrist and or thumb pad.

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The extensor carpi ulnaris is found in the back of the forearm toward the side of the little finger. It can contribute to wrist pain. The pain feels like a severe sprain. Twisting the wrist can cause sharp pain. The muscle is also a prime contributor to writers cramp.

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The anconeus muscle is located in the forearm contributes to pain in the elbow. Pain is most pronounced when straightening the elbow. It is a prime contributor to tennis elbow and affects golfer’s non-dominant elbow.

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The brachioradialis is located on the outside of the arm and is a contributor to tennis elbow. It can cause pain on the outside of the elbow, forearm and often descends down into the wrist and thumb. It can contribute to numbness around the thumb as well as a weakened grip.

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The coracobrachialis muscle connects the shoulder to the upper arm. It can contribute to pain in the shoulder, back of the arm, and occasionally the middle finger. Pain is often felt when attempting to put your hand behind your back and or raising your arm over your head.

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The teres major is a shoulder muscle. It can contribute to pain in the shoulder, upper arm, and forearm. An indication of teres major muscle involvement is pain is felt in the shoulder and upper arm skipping the elbow and reoccurring in the back of the forearm.

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