The splenius capitis muscle can contribute to pain at the top of the head and occasionally cause blurred vision. The muscle is affected by whiplash injuries.
The suboccipital muscles contribute to headaches, migraines and stiff upper neck. They can also contribute to eye strain and pain. The muscles are also often the cause of ‘ghost headaches’.
The orbicularis oculi muscle is the muscle that encircles the eye. The muscle contributes to pain above the eye that travels down the side of the nose. It can also contribute to twitching of the eye and a drooping eyelid.
A band of pain encircling the top of the head, pain in the temple area going into the eye, and pain in the back of the head is symptoms of trigger points in the semispinalis capitis muscle.
The sternocleidomastoid are the two big muscles located on each side of the front of the neck. These are the most affected muscles when whiplash of the head / neck occurs. The muscles can contribute to pain throughout the head and neck area and can contribute to symptoms of vertigo.
Pain in and around the ear that sometimes extends up toward the eye is a classic sign of longissimus capitis dysfunction