The extensor digitorum longus muscle causes pain in the toes, top of the foot, ankle, and shin—contributor to claw toe, foot cramps, and foot drop.
The extensor hallucis longus muscle contributes to pain and numbness in the big toe, top of the foot, and foot cramps at night.
The quadratus plantae muscle is a primary contributor to plantar fasciitis and calcaneal compartment syndrome. Pain is felt in the heel.
The flexor digitorum brevis muscle is located on the bottom of the foot. It can cause a sharp stabbing pain in the ball of the foot that becomes a deep ache when resting.
The adductor hallucis muscle contributes to pain in the ball of the foot just under the toes. It can be a primary contributor to plantar fasciitis.
The flexor hallucis brevis muscle contributes to pain on the bottom of the foot, just under the big toe. It can also be a factor in plantar fasciitis, hammer toe, turf toe, and gout.
The extensor digitorum brevis muscle contributes to pain in the top of the foot. It is also a contributor to foot cramps, hammer toe, and claw toe.
The abductor hallucis muscle is located on the bottom of the foot. It can cause pain in the ankle and heel. When trying to rest, there is a deep aching pain in the heel and ankle.
The abductor digiti minimi foot muscle can cause ankle pain similar to a sprained ankle. Pain is felt on the outside of the heel and ankle.
The peroneus tertius contributes to pain on at the top of the foot, ankle and heel. Pain greatly increases when walking and jogging.
The peroneus longus and peroneus brevis contribute to pain on the outside of the ankle and foot. The muscles are contributors to weak ankles and foot drop.
The tibialis anterior muscle can cause pain in the big toe, the ankle, and shin. It also contributes to a weak ankle, shin splints, and foot drop.
The flexor hallucis longus can cause and contribute to pain in the big toe and ball of the foot. A classic sign of flexor hallucis longus dysfunction is numbness on the bottom of the big toe.
The flexor digitorum longus muscle contributes to pain in the foot and lower leg. It plays a role in foot cramps, hammertoes, and claw toes.