Extensor Hallucis Longus Origin, Insertion, Action and Innervation

Muscle Anatomy of the Extensor Hallucis Longus

Origin: Middle half of the medial surface of the fibula
Insertion: Dorsal aspect of the base of the distal phalanx of the great toe
Actions: Extension of the great toe
Innervation: Deep peroneal nerve (L5, S1)
Blood Supply: Branches from the anterior tibial artery

Extensor Hallucis Longus Muscle

Extensor Hallucis Longus Actions With Agonists and Antagonists

Primary Actions of the Extensor Hallucis Longus

1. Extension of the great toe at the interphalangeal joint


  • Extensor hallucis brevis


  • Flexor hallucis longus

2. Extension of the great toe at the metatarsophalangeal joint


  • Extensor hallucis brevis


  • Flexor hallucis longus
  • Flexor hallucis brevis

Secondary Actions of the Extensor Hallucis Longus

1. Assists with dorsiflexion of the foot at the ankle


  • Tibialis anterior


  • Gastrocnemius
  • Soleus

Peroneus tertius and extensor digitorum longus also assist with dorsiflexion of the foot at the ankle.

2. Tightens the subtalar joints

Information about the cause and effect of extensor hallucis longus pain:

 Extensor Hallucis Longus Muscle: Big Toe Pain



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Recommended Anatomy Books:

The Anatomy Coloring Book is one of the best study and reference books for beginning anatomy students. The diagrams are clearly labeled and allow you to see the relationship and placement of the various structures of the body. You will also be surprised by how the act of coloring will help with recall. But this is not just a beginners book, it is also great for practitioners and therapists to have on hand to use with clients and patients to use as a visual reference.

The Trail Guide To The Body is another excellent book to help you learn the musculature of the human body. Though the book is geared toward massage therapists and physical therapist assistants, the book with its illustrations and text helps anyone gain a thorough understanding of the human musculoskeletal system and movement. I highly recommend this book for anyone studying anatomy and believe that MTs, PTAs, and teachers of body movements should have this book in their possession. I also highly recommend this book for the layperson who wants to gain an understanding of the muscle, skeletal system and how our bodies move. This book will not disappoint!

Out of the scores of books in my office, Basic Clinical Massage Therapy is by far the most referenced book in my library. The musculoskeletal system is overlaid on human models allowing you to learn the precise location, origin, and insertions of each muscle. The models are pictured in various poses throughout the book which also helps you visualize muscles in motion and their actions relationship with the skeletal structure and other muscles. Though it is written for massage therapists, it is an excellent book for anyone who wants to learn about the muscular system. MT's will benefit from the recommended treatments for each muscle.


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