The splenius capitis muscle can contribute to pain at the top of the head and occasionally cause blurred vision. The muscle is affected by whiplash injuries.
The suboccipital muscles contribute to headaches, migraines and stiff upper neck. They can also contribute to eye strain and pain. The muscles are also often the cause of ‘ghost headaches’.
The trapezius muscle is located in the upper back. It can contribute to headaches and pain in the eye, jaw, neck, top of the shoulder and upper back. It can also contribute to tingling in the arm.