The buccinator muscle is located in the cheek. It can contribute to pain in the cheek, upper teeth and mouth. The pain in the upper teeth often feels like an abscessed tooth. It can also cause pain while chewing and difficulty swallowing.
The temporalis muscle is located on the side of the head. It is a prime contributor to temporal mandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. The muscle contributes to pain in the head, around the eye, jaw and upper teeth.
The suboccipital muscles contribute to headaches, migraines and stiff upper neck. They can also contribute to eye strain and pain. The muscles are also often the cause of ‘ghost headaches’.
The frontalis muscle is a muscle in your forehead. It can cause a deep ache across the forehead. The frontalis can be affected by sinusitis and TMJ dysfunction.
The occipitalis muscle can contribute to headaches at the top of the head and the back of the head just above the neck. It can also play a role in pain behind the eye and occasionally contribute to pain in the upper teeth.
The masseter muscle is one of the muscles that you use to chew your food. Dysfunction in this muscle can contribute to pain around the eye, in the jaw, in the cheek area and the ear. It can be associated with ringing in the ear (tinnitus) and TMJ.
The trapezius muscle is located in the upper back. It can contribute to headaches and pain in the eye, jaw, neck, top of the shoulder and upper back. It can also contribute to tingling in the arm.
The soleus muscle can cause and contribute to pain in the heel, ankle and back of the knee. It can also cause pain in the low back on the same side of the affected leg. Dysfunction of the soleus muscle can also contribute to swelling in the foot and ankle. Occasionally a trigger point at the bottom and outside of the muscle can contribute to pain in the jaw and side of the head.