The splenius cervicis muscle is located in the back of the neck. It contributes to throbbing pain at the back of the head that extends to the back of the eye. It can also contribute to blurred vision.
The splenius capitis muscle can contribute to pain at the top of the head and occasionally cause blurred vision. The muscle is affected by whiplash injuries.
The temporalis muscle is located on the side of the head. It is a prime contributor to temporal mandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. The muscle contributes to pain in the head, around the eye, jaw and upper teeth.
The occipitalis muscle can contribute to headaches at the top of the head and the back of the head just above the neck. It can also play a role in pain behind the eye and occasionally contribute to pain in the upper teeth.
The sternocleidomastoid are the two big muscles located on each side of the front of the neck. These are the most affected muscles when whiplash of the head / neck occurs. The muscles can contribute to pain throughout the head and neck area and can contribute to symptoms of vertigo.