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Splenius Cervicis Muscle: Headache, Eye Pain, Blurred Vision

(Last Updated On: August 10, 2018)

Pain in the shoulder / neck juncture, going up the neck and into the back of the eye as well as blurred vision can be an indication of splenius cervicis muscle dysfunction.

Splenius Cervicis Muscle Pain: Signs and Symptoms

  • Pain where the shoulder and neck join
  • Aching throbbing pain that starts at the back of the head and goes through to the back of the eye
  • Numbness or pressure in the back of the head
  • Migraine headaches
  • Blurred vision with a headache

Where is the splenius cervicis muscle?

It connects the neck vertebrae (C1-3) to the upper back (T3-6).

What movements does the splenius cervicis muscle control?

  • Straightens (extends) the neck
  • Turns (rotates) the neck
  • Bends (lateral flexion) the neck towards the shoulder

Activities that cause splenius cervicis muscle pain and symptoms:

  • Whiplash injuries
  • Sleeping with your head propped up high on pillows or the arm of the couch
  • Prime contributor to "text neck"
  • Forward head posture – forward head posture is when the head juts forward in relation to the neck
Splenius cervicis muscle origin, insertion, action, innervation

You use the splenius cervicis muscles when you turn your head, tilt your head toward your shoulder, and straighten your head and neck.

Interesting facts about the splenius cervicis muscle:

  • The splenius muscles are major contributors to migraine headaches.
  • These muscles should be examined and treated in all whiplash injuries.

Splenius Cervicis Pain and Symptoms Can Be Similar To, Contribute and Be Affected By These Medical Diagnosis:

  • Whiplash
  • Migraine headaches
  • Military neck
  • Text neck
  • Spasmatic torticollis (Wryneck)
  • Occipitoatlantal dysfunction
  • C2 C3 radiculopathy
  • Herniated disc
  • Bulging disc
  • Prolapsed disc
  • Eye Strain
  • Stenosis
  • Cervical Spine Hyperlordosis
  • Scoliosis
  • Migraine Headache
  • Tension Headache
  • Eye Strain
  • Vertebral vascular disorder
  • Cerebrovascular disorder

Other muscles that should be considered and examined in conjunction with the splenius muscles:

Satellite trigger points associated with the splenius cervicis:

  • Levator scapulae
  • Sternocleidomastoid
  • Splenius capitis
  • Upper trapezius

For detailed anatomy information:  Splenius Cervicis Anatomy

Recommendations for Splenius Cervicis Muscle Pain

Cold Therapy Gel For Recent Neck Muscle Injury

Biofreeze Pain Relieving Gel is an excellent pain relieving gel and I recommend it for those who have sudden onset muscle pain or recent injuries. It is better than warm therapy gels and creams for recent injury muscle pain as it cools the area much like ice and does not promote swelling. A recent study showed that Biofreeze decreased pain 2 times more than ice and the pain relief lasts 9 – 10 longer. Biofreeze is recommended for those who have had a recent neck injury or sudden onset pain. Rub Biofreeze into the top of the shoulders, into the neck going up to the base of the skull to treat splenius cervicis pain and injury. Highly recommended for early treatment of whiplash.

Hot Cold Wrap For Neck Pain and Neck Muscle Induced Headaches

Elasto-Gel Cervical Collar can be used for heat or cold therapy to the neck, upper shoulder area. This is a great wrap to use with the splenius muscles as it covers both muscles. Use cold therapy for new and recent injury or sudden onset pain. Use heat therapy for injuries over a week old and chronic pain from old injury and tight muscles. I recommend this because it conforms to the contours of your body and is well made so it will last for years

Warm Therapy Gels can help relieve headache pain caused by splenius cervicis muscle

Sombra Warm Therapy Pain Relieving Gel is a pain relieving gel that I use both personally and in my massage therapy practice. Unlike other over the counter heating creams, it provides therapeutic warmth without burning heat. It can help reduce tightness and pain in the shoulder, neck and the base of the skull muscles caused by the splenius muscles. Apply Sombra to the top of the shoulder, up the neck, and along the base of the skull can help relax the muscles and ease the pain caused by the splenius muscles.

Massage Therapy Tools Provide Pressure To Help Relax Neck and Head Muscles

I use and often recommend the Neck King Massage Tool For Neck and Back to my clients who suffer from headaches, migraines and stiff necks. The Neck King works on trigger points and pressure points to help relieve muscle tension and pain. The secret to using the Neck King is to follow the directions carefully and to slowly build up the time spent using the tool. For many first time users, the tool is too hard to use comfortably. Folding a hand towel and laying it over the Neck King will help ease the discomfort. This tool has helped me as well as many of my clients relieve headaches, sore stiff necks and upper back strain.

 

Self Help For Treating Headache, Neck, Eye Pain and Blurred Vision Caused By the Splenius Cervicis Muscle

When I recommend trigger point tools to my clients I always recommend that they also purchase Claire Davies The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook: Your Self-Treatment Guide for Pain Relief. Mr. Davies explain the trigger point phenomenon and muscle pain in everyday language. But what makes this book worth its weight in gold are the individual muscle trigger point treatments that Davies has compiled. His diagrams and step by step instructions help you locate which muscles are contributing to your pain, how to find the trigger point and treat it. It takes time and practice to master finding trigger points, but once you learn you have a tool and method to help relieve muscle pain throughout the body. If you suffer from unresolved headaches and migraines I highly recommend this book. Relieving trigger points in various head and neck muscles have helped many people resolve head and neck pain issues. This book is a must-have for anyone interested in finding the cause and treating muscle pain.

 

Easily Treat Hard  To Reach Areas Of The Body

The Thera Cane Massager is my first choice of purchase with the workbook for two reasons: First, you can easily reach the the back of your neck as well as other hard to reach areas of your body without the need to bend or contort your body. Secondly, once you understand trigger points, you will find that you will want to treat other muscles and you may need help accessing the muscles. The Thera Cane allows you to easily treat all muscles of the body. If you have weak or arthritic hands, you may need a tool to help you use and hold the pressure required for trigger point treatment.  If you are buying the workbook, the Thera Cane is worth the investment!

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