The semispinalis cervicis is a major contributor to headaches, especially those in which the pain concentrates at the base of the skull extending up the back of the head. It can also contribute to tingling and burning in the back of the head and scalp.
The buccinator muscle is located in the cheek. It can contribute to pain in the cheek, upper teeth and mouth. The pain in the upper teeth often feels like an abscessed tooth. It can also cause pain while chewing and difficulty swallowing.
The splenius cervicis muscle is located in the back of the neck. It contributes to throbbing pain at the back of the head that extends to the back of the eye. It can also contribute to blurred vision.
The splenius capitis muscle can contribute to pain at the top of the head and occasionally cause blurred vision. The muscle is affected by whiplash injuries.
The levator scapulae connect the shoulder blade to the vertebra of the neck. The muscle contributes to pain in the shoulder, neck, and the base of the skull. The muscle causes a stiff neck. It can contribute to headaches at the base of the skull and up into the back of the head.
The temporalis muscle is located on the side of the head. It is a prime contributor to temporal mandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. The muscle contributes to pain in the head, around the eye, jaw and upper teeth.
The suboccipital muscles contribute to headaches, migraines and stiff upper neck. They can also contribute to eye strain and pain. The muscles are also often the cause of ‘ghost headaches’.
The orbicularis oculi muscle is the muscle that encircles the eye. The muscle contributes to pain above the eye that travels down the side of the nose. It can also contribute to twitching of the eye and a drooping eyelid.
The frontalis muscle is a muscle in your forehead. It can cause a deep ache across the forehead. The frontalis can be affected by sinusitis and TMJ dysfunction.
The occipitalis muscle can contribute to headaches at the top of the head and the back of the head just above the neck. It can also play a role in pain behind the eye and occasionally contribute to pain in the upper teeth.
The trapezius muscle is located in the upper back. It can contribute to headaches and pain in the eye, jaw, neck, top of the shoulder and upper back. It can also contribute to tingling in the arm.
A band of pain encircling the top of the head, pain in the temple area going into the eye, and pain in the back of the head is symptoms of trigger points in the semispinalis capitis muscle.
The sternocleidomastoid are the two big muscles located on each side of the front of the neck. These are the most affected muscles when whiplash of the head / neck occurs. The muscles can contribute to pain throughout the head and neck area and can contribute to symptoms of vertigo.
The soleus muscle can cause and contribute to pain in the heel, ankle and back of the knee. It can also cause pain in the low back on the same side of the affected leg. Dysfunction of the soleus muscle can also contribute to swelling in the foot and ankle. Occasionally a trigger point at the bottom and outside of the muscle can contribute to pain in the jaw and side of the head.
Pain in and around the ear that sometimes extends up toward the eye is a classic sign of longissimus capitis dysfunction