The semispinalis cervicis is a major contributor to headaches, especially those in which the pain concentrates at the base of the skull extending up the back of the head. It can also contribute to tingling and burning in the back of the head and scalp.
The splenius cervicis muscle is located in the back of the neck. It contributes to throbbing pain at the back of the head that extends to the back of the eye. It can also contribute to blurred vision.
The splenius capitis muscle can contribute to pain at the top of the head and occasionally cause blurred vision. The muscle is affected by whiplash injuries.
A band of pain encircling the top of the head, pain in the temple area going into the eye, and pain in the back of the head is symptoms of trigger points in the semispinalis capitis muscle.
Pain in and around the ear that sometimes extends up toward the eye is a classic sign of longissimus capitis dysfunction