The splenius cervicis muscle is located in the back of the neck. It contributes to throbbing pain at the back of the head that extends to the back of the eye. It can also contribute to blurred vision.
The splenius capitis muscle can contribute to pain at the top of the head and occasionally cause blurred vision. The muscle is affected by whiplash injuries.
The temporalis muscle is located on the side of the head. It is a prime contributor to temporal mandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. The muscle contributes to pain in the head, around the eye, jaw and upper teeth.
The orbicularis oculi muscle is the muscle that encircles the eye. The muscle contributes to pain above the eye that travels down the side of the nose. It can also contribute to twitching of the eye and a drooping eyelid.
The frontalis muscle is a muscle in your forehead. It can cause a deep ache across the forehead. The frontalis can be affected by sinusitis and TMJ dysfunction.
The occipitalis muscle can contribute to headaches at the top of the head and the back of the head just above the neck. It can also play a role in pain behind the eye and occasionally contribute to pain in the upper teeth.
The trapezius muscle is located in the upper back. It can contribute to headaches and pain in the eye, jaw, neck, top of the shoulder and upper back. It can also contribute to tingling in the arm.
A band of pain encircling the top of the head, pain in the temple area going into the eye, and pain in the back of the head is symptoms of trigger points in the semispinalis capitis muscle.
Pain in and around the ear that sometimes extends up toward the eye is a classic sign of longissimus capitis dysfunction