Adductor Magnus Strain and Trigger Point Pain: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments
Adductor Magnus Pain: Signs and Symptoms
The adductor magnus muscle contributes to pain in the groin, pelvic area, hip, and thigh. Pain can radiate down the leg into the knee. The pain can be due to tightness in the muscle, strain injury, or the development of trigger points in the muscle. Understanding the different symptoms between muscle strain and trigger points in the muscle will help you decide on the proper treatment.
Adductor Magnus Pain Pattern: Deep aching in the groin and pelvis areas that sometimes includes a sharp stabbing pain. Pain in the front and/or back of the thigh that radiates over to the hip joint and/or down to the knee are other signs of muscle tightness, trigger points, and muscle strain.
Adductor Magnus Strain Signs and Pain
The pain caused by an adductor magnus strain is sharp and felt immediately upon injury. A mild strain is can be initially sharp but may be more of a deep ache. Depending on the intensity of the pain, you may be able to resume activity though there will be discomfort.
If you suffer a moderate to severe strain the pain is usually sharp and can be debilitating. Movement of the leg, groin and pelvic area will be very painful and you may not be able to put weight on the affected leg. Some of the signs of an adductor strain are:
- Popping or tearing sensation is sometimes felt at the point of injury
- Sharp shooting pain is felt instantly in the thigh, groin, and/or pelvic areas
- Moving the upper leg is painful
- Spreading the legs apart causes pain
- Walking and putting weight on the leg is painful. If the strain is severe putting weight on the leg may be impossible
- Swelling and bruising occurs around the injured area
- Pain increases when you bend the knee and lift it toward your chest
Adductor Magnus Trigger Points Signs and Pain
Trigger point pain in the adductor magnus pain can be sharp but is usually more of an aching pain. Some people experience burning pain. Deep aching pain in the pelvis and groin area can be an indicator of adductor magnus trigger points.
- Pain in the front and/or back of the thigh
- Pain sometimes radiates toward the hip joint
- Pain can radiate down to the knee
- Stiffness in the hip and knee
- Deep aching and sharp pain in the pelvis
- Intercourse is painful for women
- Pain during bowel movements
- Pain in the bladder
- Men experience prostrate symptoms
- Sleeping on the affected side is painful
Keep in mind that trigger points often develop as a result of an injury.
Movements such as lunging, splits, climbing, sprinting, and quick direction turns stress the adductor magnus muscle.
What Causes Adductor Magnus Strain Injury?
Quick acceleration while running and quick turns, pivots, and changes of direction are the most common cause of adductor magnus strains. Other contributors are:
- Slipping on a slippery surface when your legs separate side to side or one leg raises forcefully up toward your head
- Planting a foot and executing a hard pivot or turn
- Running and slipping
- Kicking a ball ie. football and soccer
- Running and launching into a jump
- Splits stretch and pull the muscle often causing tears
Sports and activities that contribute to strains:
- Runners especially sprinters
- Power Walkers
Adductor Magnus Strain Treatment
Most mild and moderate strains do not require medical help and can be treated at home using the P.R.I.C.E. protocol. You need to seek medical help if any of these symptoms occur:
- Intense pain
- Excessive swelling and bruising
- You are not able to move the leg or put limited weight on the leg without excruciating pain.
- If pain, redness, swelling, and heat around the injury have not decreased in 24 hours a trip to the doctor is recommended.
Begin the P.R.I.C.E. protocol as soon as possible.
- Protect the injury - Stabilize the injured area with an elastic bandage or Velcro wrap, limit movement, and weight bearing.
- Rest - This includes getting extra sleep as well as resting the leg. It is during rest and sleep that the healing process is optimized.
- Ice - Use cold wraps or ice packs for 20 minutes per treatment every 1-2 hours until swelling, bruising and redness subside. Cold treatments longer than 20 minutes are discouraged because soft tissue damage may occur.
- Compression - To reduce swelling and provide support, use an elastic bandage or Velcro wrap to apply moderate pressure on the injury site.
- Elevate - Use pillows and folded blankets to keep the leg elevated. It is important to spend time laying down with your leg slightly elevated above your heart to reduce swelling and aid circulation.
Once the swelling, heat, and bruising begin to subside it is time to alternate cold and warm treatments. Start with cold treatment for 20 minutes then 1-2 hours later apply a warm treatment. Alternate treatments throughout the day.
How Long Does It Take An Adductor Magnus Muscle Strain To Heal?
A mild Grade I adductor magnus strain can heal in 2-4 weeks. Moderate activity can resume in 5-7 days within your comfort level.
Moderate Grade II strains can take a minimum of 6-8 weeks to fully heal and activities are resumed upon the advisement of a doctor or physical therapist if the strain has required medical attention.
A complete tear or Grade III strain usually requires surgery can take several months to a year to fully heal. Activity levels for Grade III should be monitored by a medical professional.
TWD Suggestions For Adductor Magnus Strains
The Simple Spectra Clay Hot/Cold Wrap provides a consistent temperature as well as compression which is important for reducing swelling and aiding in faster recovery. The wrap can also be used on other areas of the body.
Biofreeze Pain Relieving Gel is a pain relieving gel for muscle strains. It cools the area much like ice discouraging inflammation. Provides excellent pain relief between cold treatments.
The Odofit Support Brace is one of the best for thigh and groin pain and injury. The brace has 3 adjustable straps that allow you to adjust the compression to your needs. The waistband holds the brace in place.
Tips To Avoid Adductor Magnus Strains
- Warm up before sports, exercise and strenuous activities. A few minutes of preparation can make a difference!
- Do not stretch past the muscle capacity.
- Use proper technique when lifting weights or heavy items.
- Wear proper footwear when walking on slick or icy surfaces and when participating in sports or exercise.
- If muscle soreness sets in or you experience an injury, take a few days off to recover.
What Causes Trigger Points To Develop In The Adductor Magnus Muscle:
- Sudden acceleration when running
- Climbing or running stairs
- Hard pivots, turns, and changes of of direction with one foot planted
- Spreading your legs too far apart either side to side or front to back
- Slipping on icy or slick surfaces
- Riding horses
- Take time to warm up before exercise and strenuous activities.
- When horseback riding take breaks, get off and walk.
- Sitting with your legs crossed at the knees
- Sitting with your legs propped up on an ottoman or in a recliner
Adductor Magnus Trigger Point Treatment
Many massage therapist, physical therapist, and chiropractors can show you how to find and treat your trigger points. Not all have training so be sure to ask before making an appointment.
You can also teach yourself to find and treat trigger points. The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook is highly recommended to learn this therapy. It takes practice, but once you learn how to treat trigger points you will be able to quickly reduce and even eliminate muscle pain throughout the body.
How Long Before I Feel A Reduction In Pain?
It depends on the trigger point(s), but there is often improvement in 2-5 days. You will notice that you are moving better, your range of motion is improving and the pain has decreased. Treatment consistency is the key to optimal results.
TWD Suggestions For Adductor Magnus Strains
If you are interested in learning about and relieving your muscle pain I highly suggest that you buy The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook. It provides you with the knowledge and techniques to relieve muscle pain throughout the body.
Sombra Warm Therapy Pain Relieving Gel is a pain relieving gel that is highly recommended for trigger point pain, chronic pain relief, and muscle relaxation. Provides warmth without burning (not sold in stores).
Compression shorts provide support and pressure which can help relieve both pectineus strain and trigger point pain. The CW-X Women's Mid Rise Stabilyx and the Men's Mava Men’s Compression Short are two that work well for the pectineus muscle.
The ComfiLife Knee Pillow was developed for side sleepers to keep your leg aligned with your hip and spine. This will decrease your pain allowing you to get the sleep you need.
Where is the adductor magnus muscle?
It attaches to the pelvis via the pubis bone, the ischium and the ischial tuberosity. The muscle divides into three parts and connects to the back of the thigh bone (femur).
What movements does the adductor magnus muscle control?
- Moves leg in toward the body (adduction)
- Twists the leg inward (rotation)
- Straightens the leg at the hip (extension)
Adductor Magnus Anatomy Info
Looking for detailed muscle anatomy? The Adductor Magnus Muscle Anatomy page has origin, insertion, innervation, and blood supply information. It also lists agonist and antagonists for each muscle action.
You use the adductor magnus muscle to move your leg and twist the thigh inward toward the other leg. You also use it to straighten the thigh from the hip.
Interesting facts about the adductor magnus muscle:
- The adductor magnus is the third largest muscle in the body
- Trigger points in the adductor magnus can cause pain deep in the pelvic area. Pain may present as a dull ache or a sharp stabbing pain. Those suffering from adductor magnus symptoms often sleep with a pillow in between the knees to ease the pain.
Adductor Magnus Muscle Pain and Symptoms Can Be Similar To, Contribute To, and Be Affected By These Medical diagnoses:
- Obturator or Genitofemoral nerve entrapment
- Inguinal Hernia
- L2 L3 or L4 radiculopathy
- Iliac or femoral thrombosis
- Pubic stress fracture
- Prolapsed Uterus
- Ovarian Cyst
- UTI and bladder infection
- Prostrate pain
Twelve years of experience working with clients with chronic pain, post injury pain, and post surgery pain. Muscle dysfunction is often overlooked but can hold the key to many pain conditions.