The piriformis muscle contributes to pain in the low back, buttocks, hip, and hip joint, pelvic area, and pain down the back of the thigh.
The gluteus maximus is the large muscle of the buttock. It contributes to low back, hip joint, and tailbone area. The muscles can also cause a burning and tingling sensation.
The gluteus medius is located in the hip and buttocks. It can contribute to pain in the low back, hip, buttock, and down the outside of the upper leg.
The gluteus minimus muscle can contribute to pain in the buttocks, hip, thigh, calf and ankle. Glute minimus dysfunction makes it difficult to cross legs.
The longissimus thoracis muscle contributes to deep aching pain in the lower back, hip and buttocks. Rising from a sitting to a standing position can cause an extreme feeling of stiffness and a deep aching pain.