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Gluteus Minimus Muscle: Buttocks, Hip, Thigh, Knee, Calf, Ankle Pain

Pain and or numbness in the buttocks, hip, back of the thigh going down to the calf and ankle indicate gluteus minimus dysfunction.

What are the pain and symptoms associated with the gluteus minimus?

  • Pain in buttocks
  • Pain in the outside of the hip
  • Pain in the back and outside of the thigh
  • Pain in the back of the calf down to the ankle
  • Numbness in buttocks, hip and thigh traveling down to ankle
  • Pain while walking
  • Difficulty rising from a sitting position
  • Difficulty crossing your legs
  • Pain while lying on affected side

Where is the gluteus minimus muscle?

The gluteus minimus is located in the hip. It attaches the hip bone (ilium) to the upper leg (greater trochanter of the femur). It lies under both the gluteus medius and gluteus maximus.

What movements does the gluteus minimus control?

  • Moves the thigh sideways away from the body
  • Moves the thigh in toward the body (crossing your legs at the knee)
  • Assists in lifting leg in front of the body

Activities that cause gluteus minimus pain and symptoms:

  • Sitting for long periods of time with legs crossed
  • Sitting on a wallet in the back pocket
  • Walking and carrying a heavy item
  • Carrying a child on the hip
  • Limping for extended periods of time
  • Standing with weight unequally distributed on legs


Gluteus Minimus Origin, Insertion, Action, Innervation

You use the gluteus minimus muscle when you move the thigh sideways away from the body, lift your leg in toward the body, (crossing your legs), and lift the leg out in front of the body.

Interesting facts about the gluteus minimus:

  • Three combined symptoms that point to gluteus minimus problem:

1. Difficulty crossing the legs

2. Limping because of hip pain

3. Pain is excruciating and constant

  • Trigger points in the gluteus medius are often diagnosed as sciatica

Clinical diagnoses to which the gluteus minimus muscle symptoms may contribute:

  • Sciatica
  • Trochanteric bursitis
  • Intervertebral stenosis
  • Hip dislocation
  • Hip Pointer
  • Piriformis syndrome
  • Tensor fasciae latae syndrome
  • Sacroiliac joint dysfunction
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Cauda equina syndrome

Other muscles that should be considered and examined in conjunction with the gluteus minimus:

Satellite trigger points associated with the gluteus minimus muscle:

  • Piriformis
  • Gluteus Medius
  • Gluteus Maximus
  • Quadratus Lumborum
  • Vastus Lateralis
  • Peroneus Longus

For detailed anatomy information:  
Gluteus Minimus Anatomy

Help with Gluteus Minimus Muscle Pain

Cold Therapy Gel For Gluteus Minimus Muscle Injury and Pain

Biofreeze Pain Relieving Gel is an excellent pain relieving gel and I recommend it for those who have sudden onset muscle pain or recent injuries. It is better than warm therapy gels and creams for recent injury muscle pain as it cools the area much like ice and does not promote swelling. A recent study showed that Biofreeze decreased pain 2 times more than ice and the pain relief lasts 9 – 10 longer.If your pain is from a recent injury to the glute minimus muscles I would recommend applying Biofreeze across the low back, hip, entire buttock area and down the side and back of the leg.

Hot Cold Pack For Buttock, Hip, and Leg Treatment

CorPak Soft Comfort Hot & Cold Pack Wrap is a versatile pack that can be used to treat the buttocks, hip, and upper / lower leg as well as other areas of the body. This pack works well for the gluteal muscles. The pack is filled with pliable gel and has a soft frost free cover that will not irritate your skin. For recent injuries, use it cold to reduce swelling. For older injures or chronic pain use heat to relax the muscles and increase circulation.

Warm Therapy Gel For Gluteus Minimus Buttock, Hip and Leg Pain

Sombra Warm Therapy Pain Relieving Gel. is a pain relieving gel that I use both personally and professionally in my massage therapy practice. Unlike other over the counter heating creams, it provides warmth without burning heat.  Applying Sombra to the muscles into the buttocks, hips, and down the outside of the leg can help reduce pain and tightness caused by the gluteus minimus muscle. I recommend Sombra for chronic pain and pain from arthritis.

Trigger Point Self  Treatment For Hip, Buttock, and Leg Pain Due To Gluteus Minimus Muscle

Do you know that muscle ‘knots’ and other dysfunction in the gluteus minimus muscles can cause pain throughout the hips, buttocks, legs and low back?

If you are interested in treating hip and back pain caused by trigger points I  recommend you purchase Claire Davies  The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook: Your Self-Treatment Guide for Pain Relief. Mr. Davies explains the trigger point phenomenon and muscle pain in everyday language.  But what makes this book worth its weight in gold are the individual muscle trigger point treatments that Davies has compiled. His diagrams and step by step instructions help you locate which muscles are contributing to your pain,  how to find the trigger point and treat it. If you suffer from unresolved back, hip, buttock and leg pain I highly recommend this book. It takes time and practice to master finding trigger points, but once you learn you have a tool and method to help relieve muscle pain throughout the body. Relieving trigger points in the glute muscles have helped many people reduce or even resolve their low back, buttock, and hip pain issues. This book is a must-have for anyone interested in finding the cause and treating muscle pain.

The Thera Cane Massager is a self treatment massage tool for use on those hard to reach areas on the neck, shoulders, back, hips and legs. If you are considering buying the book The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook, you will need to buy the Theracane to use the treatment methods detailed in the book.