The semispinalis cervicis is a major contributor to headaches, especially those in which the pain concentrates at the base of the skull extending up the back of the head. It can also contribute to tingling and burning in the back of the head and scalp.
The levator scapulae connect the shoulder blade to the vertebra of the neck. The muscle contributes to pain in the shoulder, neck, and the base of the skull. The muscle causes a stiff neck. It can contribute to headaches at the base of the skull and up into the back of the head.
The infraspinatus muscle lines the back of the shoulder blade. It is one of the muscles that can contribute to frozen shoulder. The muscle can cause pain in the shoulder, neck, pain down the outside of the arm which descends down into the thumb and hand. Shoulder mobility can be greatly reduced.
The supraspinatus muscle is one of the four rotator cuff muscles. It contributes to pain in the shoulder, outside of the arm and elbow. Pain is a deep aching that often persists during rest.
The trapezius muscle is located in the upper back. It can contribute to headaches and pain in the eye, jaw, neck, top of the shoulder and upper back. It can also contribute to tingling in the arm.
A band of pain encircling the top of the head, pain in the temple area going into the eye, and pain in the back of the head is symptoms of trigger points in the semispinalis capitis muscle.
Pain in and around the ear that sometimes extends up toward the eye is a classic sign of longissimus capitis dysfunction