Abductor Digiti Minimi Foot Referred Pain Pattern

Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle: Trigger Point Pain

The abductor digiti minimi is a muscle on the bottom of the outside of the foot. Trigger points in the muscle cause pain toward the outside of the heel going up toward the ankle, mimicking the discomfort of an ankle sprain. You may also experience pain on the bottom of the little toe.


Abductor Digiti Minimi Foot Muscle

Where is the abductor digiti minimi muscle?

The abductor digiti minimi attaches to one of the bones of the little toe (proximal phalanx), runs down the outside of the bottom of the foot and connects to the heel (calcaneus via the plantar aponeurosis).

What movements does the abductor digiti minimi control?

Moves the little toe away from other toes Bends the little toe down

For Anatomy Information See: Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Anatomy

Abductor digiti minimi muscle: Trigger Point Symptoms

  • Pain on the outside of the heel
  • Pain on the bottom of the foot just below the little toe
  • Pain often feels like an ankle sprain
  • Deep aching pain is often felt at rest

Sombra Warm Therapy Gel is recommended for relaxing muscles and relieving pain. It warms without the burning heat of other gels. An excellent choice for pain caused by trigger points, muscle/joint over-use and stiffness, and arthritis. If you have reoccurring leg or foot cramps you should keep Somba on hand, it provides almost instant relief. (Not sold in stores)

Biofreeze Pain Relieving Gel is an excellent pain-relieving gel recommend for those who have sudden onset muscle pain or recent injuries.  It is better to use than warm therapy gels and creams for muscle pain caused by inflammation as it cools the area much like ice. If your pain is from a recent injury use Biofreeze. It is excellent to use on sprains, strained and sore ankles.

Activities that cause abductor digiti minimi muscle pain:

  • Walking or running on uneven ground
  • High heels
  • Shoes with a hard inflexible sole
  • Shoes that are too small
  • Weak Ankles

TWD Recommends

Yoga Toes Gems are highly recommended for anyone dealing with foot and/or lower leg pain. The separators not only stretch the muscles of the feet, but also many muscles of the lower leg. Used regularly, Yoga Toes do help straighten and align your toes. They can also be helpful for some cases of bunions, hammer toes, and claw toes. It can also help with cases of plantar fasciitis. I prefer the Yoga Toes Gems because they are more supple, comfortable, and easier to use. To increase therapeutic treatment relax while wearing Yoga Toes and then use the massage balls (below) to further massage and relax the muscles of your feet.

For Men’s shoe size 10 and over or women shoe size 12 and over consider Yoga Toes For Men

Abductor Digiti Minimi Trigger Point Treatment

Trigger points in the abductor digiti minimi are easy to treat with a massage ball. Put the ball on the floor and roll it on the outside of your foot. Do this 2-3 times a day, 1-2 minutes per treatment until the pain and soreness are gone.

If you are interested in learning about muscle trigger points and the pain they can cause throughout the body, The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook is an excellent resource to have on hand. The workbook explains how TrPs develop, how to locate the muscle and the trigger point(s), and how to treat. The diagrams and instructions are easy to follow.

TWD Recommends

Massage balls can be used to relieve tension in many areas of the body and are exceptionally effective for your feet. The Flex Fixx Massage Ball Set includes a smooth ball and two spiked balls which will give you maximum treatment for various aches and pains in your feet. The balls are sturdy and can deliver very firm pressure. The set comes with instructions and exercises. Rolling your feet takes just a few minutes each day and can deliver excellent results for both foot and lower leg pain.

Clinical diagnoses to which the abductor digiti minimi muscle symptoms may contribute:

  • Ankle sprain/strain
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Bunions
  • Callous or corns
  • Dislocation/Subluxation of the 5th metatarsal
  • Bruise of the 5th metatarsal


Other muscles that should be considered and examined in conjunction with the abductor digiti minimi muscle:

  • Flexor Digiti Minimi
  • Quadratus Plantae
  • Interossei Muscles

Satellite trigger points associated with the abductor digiti minimi muscle:

Trigger points in the muscle will cause TrPs to develop in other muscles. These are known as satellite trigger points. You will need to check these muscles for additional TrPs.

  • Tibialis posterior
  • Extensor digitorum longus
  • Extensor digitorum brevis

CompressionZ Foot Sleeves are highly rated to help relieve foot pain, plantar fasciitis, and heel pain.  The socks provide moderate compression from the ankles down to the ball of the foot. The sleeves help not only pain but also the inflammation that occurs with chronic pain and injury. Available in several colors and women and men sizing.