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Biceps Brachii Muscle: Shoulder, Elbow Pain

Pain in the shoulder, crease of the elbow and weakness in the arm are signs of bicep brachii dysfunction.

What pain and symptoms are associated with the biceps brachii muscle?

  • Pain in the front of the shoulder
  • Pain in the crease of the elbow
  • Weakness in the arm
  • Difficulty straightening arm with palm facing down
  • Difficulty raising your arm above your head
  • Pain at the top of the back of the shoulder (between the neck and shoulder joint)
  • Unless there is a recent injury to the biceps muscle, pain is seldom felt directly in the muscle

Where is the biceps brachii muscle?

The biceps brachii is a two-headed muscle which connects the shoulder blade (scapula) and the upper arm (humerus) to the forearm (radius). The muscle is found in the front of the upper arm.

What movements do the biceps brachii muscle control?

  • Bends the arm at the elbow
  • Rotates the arm so the palm is facing up
  • Assists in raising the arm at the shoulder

Activities that cause biceps brachii pain and symptoms:

  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Chin ups, Pull ups
  • Playing the violin or cello
  • Repetitive twisting of the arm with the elbow bent, ie. using a screwdriver


Biceps Brachii Origin, Insertion, Action, Innervation

You use the biceps brachii muscle when you lift something, rotate your arm, bend your elbow and raise your arm.

Interesting facts about the biceps brachii muscle:

  • The most important function of the biceps brachii is it allows us to carry objects and not pull the shoulder joint apart.
  • Violinists and cellists often have problems and pain in the biceps.

Clinical diagnoses to which the biceps brachii muscle symptoms may contribute:

  • Bicipital tendinitis
  • Subdeltoid bursitis
  • C5 or C6 radiculopathy
  • Shoulder pointer

Other muscles that should be considered and examined in conjunction with the biceps brachii muscle:

Satellite trigger points associated with the biceps brachii muscle:

  • Supinator
  • Brachialis
  • Triceps Brachii
  • Anterior Deltoid
  • Supraspinatus
  • Upper Trapezius
  • Coracobrachialis

For detailed anatomy information:  
Biceps Brachii Anatomy Study

Help with Bicep Brachii Muscle Pain

Cold Therapy Gel For Upper Arm, Elbow, and Hand Injury Pain

Biofreeze Pain Relieving Gel is a cold therapy gel that provides pain relieve for new injuries and is great as a maintenance treatment for overuse and repetitive use injuries such as tennis elbow. Cold therapy should be used on new and recent injuries instead of heat as it cools the area much like ice and does not promote swelling. A recent study showed that Biofreeze decreased pain 2 times more than ice and the pain relief lasts 9 – 10 longer. If you have recently injured the biceps brachii muscle or have unexplained pain that has just started in the shoulder, upper arm, and elbow, use Biofreeze. Rub the gel into the shoulder, the front of the upper arm and elbow.

Cold Compression Treatment For Biceps Brachii Muscle Injury and Pain

Freeze Sleeve Cold Therapy Compression Sleeve is recommended by medical professionals for treatment of injury, recovery, and over-use soreness. The sleeve provides total circumference cold therapy and compression that other cold treatments do not provide. The sleeve slides on and features material that can be worn on bare skin, allowing you to be mobile during treatment. It can be used for most areas of the arms and legs. The sleeve provides support to the biceps brachii lower bone attachment in the lower arm just below the elbow and also the muscle belly.

Hot and Cold Shoulder and Upper Arm Therapy Wrap

Elasto-Gel Hot Cold Wrap works well for those who need a wrap that provides both heat and cold therapy. This is a great wrap for people suffering from shoulder arthritis pain as well as injuries. Heat and cold can both help relieve symptoms of biceps brachii strain, frozen shoulder and rotator cuff muscle pain. This is recommended to treat the biceps brachii muscle because it will treat the muscle tendon at the shoulder and the muscle belly in the upper arm. The wrap is gel which allows it to mold to the chest, shoulder, and upper arm comfortably.

Available in two sizes: Small Hot Cold Shoulder Wrap and Large / XLarge Hot Cold Shoulder Wrap

Warm Therapy Gel For Shoulder, Arm, and Elbow Injury and Arthritis Pain

For arthritic or chronic shoulder, arm, elbow and hand pain relief I recommend Sombra Warm Therapy Pain Relieving Gel. Sombra provides warmth without burning and is better at relieving pain than other over the counter pain creams. Apply Sombra to the shoulder, upper arm and elbow to ease bicep brachii muscle pain.

Full Arm Compression Sleeve for Elbow, Forearm and Wrist Pain

The CompressionZ Compression Arm Sleeves are for those who want or need more support for muscle injury, muscle recovery or lymphedema. The sleeves work well for those who have chronic elbow, forearm and wrist pain due to repetitive motions that can irritate the muscles in the arm. The sleeves work well for athletes as well as people whose jobs require repetitive and twisting motions of the elbow and wrist. The sleeves are available in 3 sizes and a variety of colors. Be sure to read the size chart and follow the instructions to ensure proper fit. Two sleeves per package

Self Treatment For Bicep Brachii Shoulder, Arm, and Elbow Pain

Do you know that small "knots" or other dysfunction in the biceps brachii muscle can contribute to pain from the shoulder to the elbow and make it difficult to fully straighten your arm?

If this pain pattern sounds familiar I recommend that you purchase Claire Davies The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook: Your Self-Treatment Guide for Pain ReliefMr. Davies explains the trigger point phenomenon and muscle pain in everyday language. But what makes this book worth its weight in gold are the individual muscle trigger point treatments that Davies has compiled. His diagrams and step by step instructions help you locate which muscles are contributing to your pain, how to find the trigger point and treat it. It takes time and practice to master finding trigger points, but once you learn you have a tool and method to help relieve muscle pain throughout the body. If you have unresolved shoulder, arm and elbow pain  it may be trigger points in the biceps brachii muscles. Deactivating trigger points can reduce or eliminate this pain. This book is a must-have for anyone interested in finding the cause and treating muscle pain.