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Iliopsoas Muscles: Low Back, Abdomen, Groin, Pelvic, Upper Leg Pain

(Last Updated On: August 9, 2018)

Pain in the lower back, pelvic and groin area can indicate iliopsoas muscles dysfunction.

Iliopsoas Muscle Pain: Signs and Symptoms

  • Low back pain
  • Abdomen pain
  • Groin pain
  • Leg pain
  • Pelvic pain
  • Difficulty standing from a sitting position
  • Severe pain or inability to do sit-ups or crunches
  • Tendency to walk with feet turned out
  • Extreme dysfunction in the iliopsoas can cause pain under the shoulder blade that extends down to the top of the hip.

Where are the Iliopsoas muscles?

The Iliopsoas is comprised of three muscles the iliacus, psoas major, and psoas minor. The psoas major and minor attaches to the lower back vertebrae come down to the inside of the hip bone to join with the iliacus which lines the inside of the hip bone. The 3 joined muscles then run through the pelvis to connect with the upper leg.

What movements do the iliopsoas muscles control?

  • Bending over (flexes the spine)
  • Picks up the thigh (when you raise your thigh toward your stomach)

Activities that cause iliopsoas pain and symptoms:

  • Sitting for long periods of time
  • Sleeping on your side in the fetal position
  • Being overweight
  • Strenuous running
  • Climbing stairs
  • Sit ups, crunches and leg ups
  • Slumping posture

Interesting facts about the iliopsoas muscles:

  • The iliopsoas is an important postural muscle and plays a major role in human’s upright stature
  • In approximately 40% of individuals, the psoas minor is absent
  • If the iliopsoas is affected on one side,  pain runs up and down the back, hip, and upper leg. If both iliopsoas muscles are affected pain runs horizontally across the low back, pelvis, and lower abdomen.
  • The psoas major is the strongest hip flexor (bends the hip)
Iliopsoas Muscles Origin, Insertion, Actions, Innervation

You use the iliopsoas muscle group when you lift the thigh, side bend the trunk and straighten the spine.

Iliopsoas Muscle Pain and Symptoms Can Be Similar To, Contribute To, and Be Affected By These Medical Diagnosis:

  • Quadratus lumborum syndrome
  • Appendicitis
  • Sciatica
  • Stenosis
  • Trochanteric bursitis
  • Crohn's Disease
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Kidney Stones
  • Kidney infection
  • Bladder Infection
  • Endometriosis
  • Ovarian Cysts
  • Painful menstruation
  • Prolapsed uterus
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Bladder Disease or Infection
  • Inguinal Hernia
  • Surgical Adhesions
  • L1 L2 L3 L4 or L5 radiculopathy

Other muscles that should be considered and examined in conjunction with the iliopsoas muscle:

Satellite trigger points associated with the quadratus lumborum muscle:

  • Quadratus lumborum
  • Rectus abdominis
  • Tensor fascia latae
  • Gluteus maximus
  • Gluteus medius
  • Gluteus minimus
  • Pectineus,
  • Opposite Iliopsoas muscle group

For detailed anatomy information:  Iliopsoas Anatomy

Iliopsoas Muscle Pain Relief Recommendations

Get Relief From Iliopsoas Muscles Pain By Providing Abdominal Support and Compression

The Pro-Choice Back Support is my go to for abdominal support and back brace. This brace has helped me more than any other with low back and low abdominal pain. The lumbar pad provides support without the uncomfortable restriction and poking of metal supports. The band is wide, covering the entire lower back. It has an adjustable Velcro front closure along with adjustable Velcro side panels which can be tightened or loosened to provide support and compression. The brace also reflects your body heat back into the muscles, providing warmth to tight sore muscles. For those with recent injuries or flare-ups, it is comfortable enough wear all night and will not disrupt your sleep.

I have recommended this brace to many clients and friends with chronic low back pain and everyone has commented how much it helps relieve their pain and increase mobility. If you have muscle, tendon or ligament injuries, new or old, I highly recommend that you try this brace.

Sizing: Small and Medium fits waists 22" - 38". Large fits waist 24" - 40". X-large fits waist 41" - 50. XX-large fits waist 51" - 60".

Do You Sleep On Your Side?

Sleeping on your side throws the spine and pelvis out of alignment which affects the iliopsoas. Side sleepers often have low back, low abdomen, and groin pain. The Moonlight Slumber Full Body Pillow aligns the back and hips by supporting your leg which helps prevent tight sore muscles giving you a great night's sleep.

 

Self Treatment For Low Back Pain and Low Abdominal Pain Caused By The Iliopsoas Muscle Group

Do you know that small knots and other dysfunction in the ilopsoas muscle group can contribute to pain in the low back, abdomen, pelvis, and upper leg?

If you are interested in treating back pain caused by trigger points I  recommend you purchase Claire Davies  The Trigger Point Therapy Workbook: Your Self-Treatment Guide for Pain Relief. Mr. Davies explains the trigger point phenomenon and muscle pain in everyday language.  But what makes this book worth its weight in gold are the individual muscle trigger point treatments that Davies has compiled. His diagrams and step by step instructions help you locate which muscles are contributing to your pain,  how to find the trigger point and treat it. If you suffer from unresolved back, hip, buttock, and leg pain I highly recommend this book. It takes time and practice to master finding trigger points, but once you learn you have a tool and method to help relieve muscle pain throughout the body. Relieving trigger points in the iliopsoas muscles have helped many people reduce or even resolve their low back, groin, and pelvic pain issues. This book is a must have for anyone interested in finding the cause and treating muscle pain.

Massage Therapist

Owner: thewellnessdigest.com

Twelve years of experience working with clients with chronic pain, post injury pain, and post surgery pain. Muscle dysfunction is often overlooked but can hold the key to many pain conditions.

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